THE OPENING SURA OF THE KORAN.
THE CAREER OF MOHAMED AT MECCA
Praise be to God, the Lord of creation,
The most merciful, the most compassionate!
Ruler of the day of Reckoning!
Thee we worship, and invoke for help.
Lead us in the straight path;
The path of those towards whom Thou hast been gracious; •
Not of those against whom Thy wrath is kindled, or that walk in error.
The Fatiha or Opening Sura of the Koran.
A Description of Arabia.—The rise of Islam1 was an
event of such overwhelming importance to Persia that,
['although some of its results have been referred to in the
previous chapter, it seems advisable to deal with it in a
1 connected way from the beginning.2
The peninsula of Arabia, with an area four times as
large as France, has a central tableland termed Nejd,
' • l Islam signifies u Submission to the will of God." A follower of the religion is
; termed a Mussulman, Muslim, or Moslem, the second form being the participle of
•&slam. The term "Mohamedan" is not usually applied by Moslems to themselves,
t«xcept so far as it has been adopted owing to European influence.
(f" * Among the authorities consulted are The Caliphate and also The Life of Mahomet,
^by Sir William Muir ; Gcschichte der Chalifen (4 vols.), by Dr. Gustave Weil 5 A
^iterary History of the Arabs, by R, A. Nicholson 5 and Arabia, the Cradle of Islam, by
Rev. S. M. Zwemer.
VOL. II I B